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What Is a Choppy Market and Trending Market?

A choppy market is the main threat to orderly trading. Traders and investors know that there are two main market trends: upward and downward. If there is a clear trend, trading becomes simple and straightforward. However, what will happen in case of unclear trends? If there is no trend, it is a sideways market. While trading in this market is not as simple as in a trending market, there is some pattern. A trending market refers to the one where price generally moves in one direction. This market drifts lower or higher in ways that might or might not be explainable. 

What Is a Choppy Market?

A choppy market is the market condition in which prices swing upward and downward either for a long period of time or short term. It is generally associated with a rectangular chart pattern or a volatile period, in which a trend is hard to trade or is not present. A choppy market takes place when sellers and buyers are in a violent fight or balance. In both these cases, no winner is there. Prices move slowly or quickly, up or down, in small moves or big moves, but the rate does not make headway lower or higher. Usually, choppy conditions are linked with price ranges but can take place during trends too. 

What Is a Choppiness Index? 

A choppiness index helps determine whether a market is choppy or not choppy. It helps traders and investors find out whether a market is trading sideways or moving in a different direction. This indicator is not directional. It cannot predict the future direction of the market. Instead, it reflects whether a market is choppy (sideways) or not choppy (trending). The higher is the value, the more choppy a market is. The lower value equals the directional movements. 

The choppiness index doesn’t reflect a market movement direction. Instead, it shows whether the trend is solid or not. The more heavily a market consolidates, the closer the choppiness index would be to 100. 

 What Is a Trending Market? 

In a trending market, a price series continuously close either lower or higher. A downward market ends lower irrespective of the interim moves. However, an upward market may fluctuate but generally closes periodically higher. Securities in all assets show trending behaviors of some type. 

A trending market offers many trading opportunities for traders, investors, and technical analysts. Investors may follow a trending direction of indexes that serve as a benchmark. A technical analyst will chart price patterns of a market index or security to recognize trending directions to place trades. The trending market lines serve as an intersection to security price charts that can assist form an added indicator for the market trends. A trending market is of interest in technical analysis. A technical analyst believes that a trending market occurs with some level of predictability and regularity. The ability to distinguish these trends has an important impact on investment returns. 

How to Trade in the Choppy Market? 

For many traders, a choppy market is nightmarish. The signals that worked well in trending markets have become useless now. Surviving choppy markets is a strategy that traders and investors should develop to extract value. Below are some tips on building a plan and strategy to trade in the choppy markets. 

Create a low-term strategy

Trading using a low-term setup generally entails making a quick decision. Keep in mind that speed is the key always. So, you will want a trading strategy that meets the low-term frame. 

Price Action is Important 

The main problem with trading in the choppy market on a low time-frame is that there is frequently a large amount of noise coming from the choppy markets. With lots of fake-outs and wicks, there is no option other than controlling your trades. So entry criteria and discipline are essential. In a choppy market, many indicators often lag, creating untradeable noises or putting you in the right trades too late or too early. So, observing price actions without counting on the indicators will generate better tradable setups. 

Speed Is the Key 

With a choppy market, trades generally move to low time-frames to find tradable setups. The goal of a low-term frame strategy is speed – you wish to be inside and outside the market promptly – long enough to earn 2-5 percent at least for the day. 

Don’t Ignore the Bigger Trends 

Just as you enter a prolonged choppy market, do not get drawn into the lower time frames, forgetting the bigger trends. Ensure to observe the higher frames too to filter that unfairness in your lower-time frame trading. 

Always Be Closing 

Trading on a lower time frame may make profitable trades look like it is going to move upward or downward forever. The goal is to be inside and outside the trades always. It would be best if you had the discipline to enter a trade depending on the rules, take losses, and take profits. Try to catch the interim moves. 


Trading in a choppy market is more difficult as compared to trading in the trending market. However, you need to know and understand the choppy market to make profit-making trades. Once you know the tips and techniques to trade successfully in a choppy market, things can become pretty simple. Apart from this, try IQ Option as your trading platform, as it allows you instant access to asset trading anywhere & anytime, unlike other standard trading platforms. Therefore, you must try it once!

Paul Jolin

Paul Jolin is an economist having experience in financial research. He joined CoinNewsSpan in 2017 and since then has been working with the team to offer best price analysis and review stories on the crypto space. He is optimistic about blockchain technology's use cases in terms of financial freedom. He also has experience as an independent trader.

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